Imaging modalities utilized in the interventional cardiology suite have seen an impressive evolution and expansion recently, particularly with regard to the recent interest in three-dimensional (3D) imaging. Despite this, the backbone of visualization in the catheterization laboratory remains two-dimensional (2D) X-ray fluoroscopy and cine-angiography.New imaging techniques under development, referred to as three-dimensional rotational angiography (RA) and C-arm
CT, hold great promise for improving current device implantation and understanding of cardiovascular anatomy. This paper reviews the evolution of rotational angiography and advanced 3D X-ray imaging applications to interventional cardiology.
Imaging Institute and