Incremental Prognostic Value of Multi-Slice Computed Tomography Coronary Angiography Over Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring in Patients with Suspected Coronary Artery Disease
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between calcium scoring (CS) and multi-slice computed tomography coronary angiography (MSCTA) and to determine if MSCTA has an incremental prognostic value to CS.
METHODS: In 432 patients (59% male, age 58 +/- 11 years) referred for cardiac evaluation owing to suspected coronary artery disease (CAD), CS and 64-slice MSCTA were performed. The following events were combined in a composite endpoint: all-cause mortality, non-fatal infarction, and unstable angina requiring revascularization.
RESULTS: CS was 0 in 147 (34%) patients, CS 1-99 was present in 122 (28%), CS 100-399 in 75 (17%), CS 400-999 in 56 (13%), and CS > 1000 in 32 (7%). MSCTA was normal in 133 (31%) patients, MSCTA 30-50% stenosis was observed in 190 (44%), and MSCTA > 50% stenosis in 109 (25%). During follow-up [median 670 days (25th-75th percentile: 418-895)], an event occurred in 21 patients (4.9%). After multivariate correction for CS, MSCTA > 50% stenosis, the number of diseased segments, obstructive segments, and non-calcified plaques were independent predictors with an incremental prognostic value to CS.
CONCLUSIONS: MSCTA provides additional information to CS regarding stenosis severity and plaque composition. This additional information was shown to translate into incremental prognostic value over CS.
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