Right Ventriculo-Arterial Coupling In Pulmonary Hypertension: A Magnetic Resonance Study

OBJECTIVES: To quantify right ventriculo-arterial coupling in pulmonary hypertension by combining standard right heart catheterisation (RHC) and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and to estimate it non-invasively with CMR alone.

METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis in a retrospective cohort of consecutive patients from a tertiary care centre. There were 139 adults referred for pulmonary hypertension evaluation. Interventions: CMR and RHC within 2 days (n=151 test pairs). The main outcome measures right ventriculo-arterial coupling was quantified as the ratio of pulmonary artery (PA) effective elastance (Ea, index of arterial load) to right ventricular maximal end-systolic elastance (Emax, index of contractility). Right ventricular end-systolic volume (ESV) and stroke volume (SV) were obtained from CMR and adjusted to body surface area. RHC provided mean PA pressure (mPAP) as a surrogate of right ventricular end-systolic pressure, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) and pulmonary vascular resistance index (PVRI). Ea was calculated as (mPAP − PCWP)/SV and Emax as mPAP/ESV.

RESULTS: Ea increased linearly with advancing severity as defined by PVRI quartiles (0.19, 0.50, 0.93 and 1.63 mmHg/ml/m2, respectively; p

CONCLUSIONS: Right ventriculo-arterial coupling in pulmonary hypertension can be studied with standard RHC and CMR. Arterial load increases with disease severity whereas contractility cannot progress in parallel, leading to severe uncoupling.

PMID:

Jacobo Kirsch

Associate Center Director, Imaging Institute
Cardiopulmonary Imaging, Section Head
Cleveland Clinic Florida
Weston, FL
Posted in Invasive Imaging, Magnetic Resonance Imaging and tagged , , , , , , , .

One Comment

  1. Interesting simplified non-invasive method for assessing ventriculo-arterial coupling in patients with right-sided increased pressures!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>