OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the potential age- and gender-specific differences in the incidence and prognostic value of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients undergoing CT coronary angiography (CTA).
METHODS: In this multicentre prospective registry study, 2432 patients (mean age 57±12, 56% male) underwent CTA for suspected CAD. Patients were stratified into four groups according to age <60 or ≥60 years and, male or female gender.Main outcome measuresA composite end point of cardiac death and non-fatal myocardial infarction.
RESULTS: CTA results were normal in 991 (41%) patients, showed non-significant CAD in 761 (31%) patients and significant CAD in the remaining 680 (28%) patients. During follow-up (median 819 days, 25-75th centile 482-1142) a cardiovascular event occurred in 59 (2.4%) patients. The annualised event rate was 1.1% in the total population (men=1.3% and women=0.9%). In patients aged <60 years, the annualised event rate of male and female patients was 0.6% and 0.5%, respectively. Among patients aged ≥60 years the annualised event rate was 1.9% in male and 1.1% in female patients. Observations on CTA predicted events in male patients, both age <60 and ≥60 years and in female patients age ≥60 years (log-rank test in all groups, p<0.01). However, CTA provided limited prognostic value in female patients aged <60 years (log-rank test, p=0.45).
CONCLUSIONS: After age and gender stratification, CTA findings were shown to be of limited predictive value in female patients aged <60 years as compared with male patients at any age and female patients aged ≥60 years.
Lady Davis Carmel Medical Center
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