OBJECTIVES: Aortic root rupture is a major concern with balloon-expandable transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We sought to identify predictors of aortic root rupture during balloon-expandable TAVR by using multidetector computed tomography.
METHODS: Thirty-one consecutive patients who experienced left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT)/annular/aortic contained/noncontained rupture during TAVR were collected from 16 centers. A caliper-matched sample of 31 consecutive patients without annular rupture, who underwent pre-TAVR multidetector computed tomography served as a control group. Multidetector computed tomography assessment included short- and long-axis diameters and cross-sectional area of the sinotubular junction, annulus, and LVOT, and the presence, location, and extent of calcification of the LVOT, as well. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in any preoperative clinical and echocardiographic variables.
RESULTS: Aortic root rupture was identified in 20 patients and periaortic hematoma in 11. Patients with root rupture had a higher degree of subannular/LVOT calcification quantified by the Agatston score (181.2Â±211.0 versus 22.5Â±37.6, P<0.001), and a higher frequency of â‰¥20% annular area oversizing (79.4% versus 29.0%, P<0.001) and balloon postdilatation (22.6% versus 0.0%, P=0.005). In conditional logistic regression analysis for the matched data, moderate/severe LVOT/subannular calcifications (odds ratio, 10.92; 95% confidence interval, 3.23-36.91; P<0.001) and prosthesis oversizing â‰¥20% (odds ratio, 8.38; 95% confidence interval, 2.67-26.33; P<0.001) were associated with aortic root contained/noncontained rupture.
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that LVOT calcification and aggressive annular area oversizing are associated with an increased risk of aortic root rupture during TAVR with balloon-expandable prostheses. Larger studies are warranted to confirm these findings. B.J. Hill Jersey