Hybrid SPECT Perfusion Imaging and Coronary CT Angiography: Long-term Prognostic Value for Cardiovascular Outcomes

Purpose To determine the value of cardiac hybrid imaging, performed by combining SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging(MPI) with coronary CT angiography, as a long-term predictor for major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) (death, myocardial infarction [MI], unstable angina requiring hospitalization, coronary revascularization). Materials and Methods For this retrospective single-center study, 428 patients referred between May 2005 and December 2008 were classified according to hybrid imaging findings into the following groups: (a) those with stenosis of 50% or greater (at coronary CT angiography) with ischemia (at SPECT) in subtended territory (matched), (b) those with coronary CT angiography and/or SPECT findings in unrelated territories (unmatched), and (c) those with normal findings at coronary CT angiography and SPECT. End points were all-cause death or MI (“hard events”) and a composite of MACEs. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to identify survival free of MACEs, and Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was used to determine independent predictors for MACE. Results During a median follow-up of 6.8 years, a total of 160 MACEs, including 45 deaths, were observed in the final study population (mean age, 62 years ± 11 [standard deviation]; 132 women). The annual hard event rate was more than fivefold higher for patients with matched findings (n = 46 [7.0%]) and was threefold higher for patients with unmatched findings (n = 113 [3.7%]) compared with that for patients with normal findings (1.2%; n = 216 [1.2%]; P < .001). The MACE rates were 21.8%, 9.0%, and 2.4% for matched, unmatched, and normal findings, respectively. A matched finding was an independent predictor for MACE and hard events. Conclusion In patients evaluated for coronary artery disease, cardiac hybrid imaging is an excellent long-term predictor of adverse cardiac events. A matched hybrid finding is associated with a high annual cardiac event rate.

PMID: 29969066

Posted in Computed Tomography, Nuclear Imaging.

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