Angiographic Patterns of In-Stent Restenosis Classified by Computed Tomography in Patients With Drug-Eluting Stents: Correlation With Invasive Coronary Angiography

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of Mehran’s in-stent restenosis (ISR) classification by coronary computed angiography (CCTA), with reference to invasive coronary angiography (ICA).

METHODS: Consecutive symptomatic patients, who had clinically suspected ISR and implanted stent diameter ≥ 3 mm, were prospectively enrolled in our study. Mehran’s classification was employed by CCTA and ICA to classify ISR lesions into four subtypes: focal, diffuse intrastent, diffuse proliferative and total occlusion. CCTA and ICA measurement of lesion length was further compared.

RESULTS: Sixty-one patients with 101 implanted stents were included in our study. The overall sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of CCTA diagnosis of binary ISR, as shown by patient-based analysis (n = 61), were 100 % (49/49), 75 % (8/12), 92.45 % (49/53) and 100 % (8/8) respectively. Mehran’s classification of CCTA correlated well with ICA findings. The diagnostic accuracy of CCTA for class I, class II, class III and class IV lesions was 92.5 %, 91.67 %, 100 % and 100 % respectively. Lesion length was assessed to be significantly longer with CCTA than with ICA (11.03 ± 5.89 mm versus 8.56 ± 4.99 mm, P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Angiographic patterns of in-stent restenosis can be accurately classified by coronary computed angiography. The lesion length measured by CCTA is longer than that assessed by invasive coronary angiography.

PMID: 22772148

Posted in Computed Tomography and tagged , , , .

One Comment

  1. See also:

    Angiographic patterns of in-stent restenosis: classification and implications for long-term outcome.
    Mehran R, Dangas G, Abizaid AS, Mintz GS, Lansky AJ, Satler LF, Pichard AD, Kent KM, Stone GW, Leon MB.
    Circulation. 1999 Nov 2;100(18):1872-8.
    PMID: 10545431.

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