FFR Derived From Coronary CT Angiography in Nonculprit Lesions of Patients With Recent STEMI

OBJECTIVES:

This study sought to determine the diagnostic performance of noninvasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) derived from coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) (FFRCT) for the diagnosis of lesion-specific ischemia in nonculprit vessels of patients with recent in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

BACKGROUND:

In patients with stable angina, FFRCT has high diagnostic performance in identification of ischemia-causing lesions. The potential value of FFRCT for assessment of multivessel disease in patients with recent STEMI has not been evaluated.

METHODS:

Coronary CTA with calculation of FFRCT and invasive coronary angiography with FFR were performed 1 month after STEMI in patients with multivessel disease. Coronary CTA and invasive coronary angiography stenosis >50% were considered obstructive. Lesion-specific ischemia was assumed if FFRCT was ≤0.80. FFR ≤0.80 was the reference standard. To evaluate the influence of vessel size, the total coronary vessel lumen volume relative to left ventricular mass (volume-to-mass ratio) was calculated and compared with that of patients with stable angina.

RESULTS:

The study evaluated 124 nonculprit vessels from 60 patients. Accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of FFRCT were 72%, 83%, and 66% versus 64% (p = 0.033), 93% (p = 0.15), and 49% (p < 0.001) for CTA and 72% (p = 1.00), 76% (p = 0.46), and 70% (p = 0.54) for invasive coronary angiography. Following STEMI, median volume-to-mass ratio was lower than in patients with stable angina, 53 versus 65 mm3/g (p = 0.009). In patients with volume-to-mass ratio ≥65 mm3/g (upper tertile) accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of FFRCT were all 83% versus 56% (p = 0.009), 75% (p = 0.61), and 44% (p = 0.003) in patients with <49 mm3/g (lower tertile).

CONCLUSIONS:

The diagnostic performance of FFRCT for staged detection of ischemia in STEMI patients with multivessel disease is moderate. STEMI patients have a smaller vessel volume than do patients with stable angina. The diagnostic performance of FFRCT is influenced by the volume-to-mass ratio. This study does not support routine use of FFRCT in the post-STEMI setting. (Assessment of Coronary Stenoses Using Coronary CT-Angiography and Noninvasive Fractional Flow Reserve; NCT01739075).

PMID: 27743953

Posted in Computed Tomography and tagged , , , .

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