The current meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of hybrid cardiac imaging techniques compared with stand-alone coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) for assessment of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD).
The usefulness of coronary CTA for detecting obstructive CAD remains suboptimal at present. Myocardial perfusion imaging encompasses positron emission tomography, single-photon emission computed tomography, and cardiac magnetic resonance, which permit the identification of myocardial perfusion defects to detect significant CAD. A hybrid approach comprising myocardial perfusion imaging and coronary CTA may improve diagnostic performance for detecting obstructive CAD.
PubMed and Web of Knowledge were searched for relevant publications between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2015. Studies using coronary CTA and hybrid imaging for diagnosis of obstructive CAD (a luminal diameter reduction of >50% or >70% by invasive coronary angiography) were included. In total, 12 articles comprising 951 patients and 1,973 vessels were identified, and a meta-analysis was performed to determine pooled sensitivity, specificity, and summary receiver-operating characteristic curves.
On a per-patient basis, the pooled sensitivity of hybrid imaging was comparable to that of coronary CTA (91% vs. 90%; p = 0.28). However, specificity was higher for hybrid imaging versus coronary CTA (93% vs. 66%; p < 0.001). On a per-vessel basis, sensitivity for hybrid imaging against coronary CTA was comparable (84% vs. 89%; p = 0.29). Notably, hybrid imaging yielded a specificity of 95% versus 83% for coronary CTA (p < 0.001). Summary receiver-operating characteristic curves displayed improved discrimination for hybrid imaging beyond coronary CTA alone, on a per-vessel basis (area under the curve: 0.97 vs. 0.93; p = 0.047), although not on a per-patient level (area under the curve: 0.97 vs. 0.93; p = 0.132).
Hybrid cardiac imaging demonstrated improved diagnostic specificity for detection of obstructive CAD compared with stand-alone coronary CTA, yet improvement in overall diagnostic performance was relatively limited.