Assessment of Echo-Attenuated Plaque by Optical Coherence Tomography and its Impact on Post-Procedural Creatine Kinase-Myocardial Band Elevation in Elective Stent Implantation

OBJECTIVES: Recent intravascular ultrasound studies have described atherosclerotic plaques with echo attenuation (EA) without associated bright echoes that are correlated with no-reflow phenomenon after PCI. This study examined morphological characteristics of echo-attenuated plaques by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and evaluated their influence on creatine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB) elevation after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with elective stent implantation.

METHODS: We studied 135 native de novo culprit coronary lesions in 135 patients with normal pre-PCI CK-MB levels (28 with unstable angina; 107 with stable angina) who underwent intravascular ultrasound and OCT examinations before elective stent implantation. The lesions were divided into 2 groups based on the presence or absence of EA, and OCT findings were compared. We then determined predictors of post-PCI CK-MB elevation.

RESULTS: EA was found in 47 (34.8%) lesions and was associated with the presence of OCT-derived thin-capped fibroatheroma, ruptured plaques, greater lipid content, intravascular ultrasound-derived large reference and plaque area, lesion eccentricity, and microcalcification. Elevated CK-MB levels were observed in 36 (26.7%) lesions, and significantly more frequently in lesions with EA than without. In multivariable analysis, EA (odds ratio [OR]: 3.49; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.53 to 7.93; p = 0.003) and OCT-derived ruptured plaque (OR: 2.92; 95% CI: 1.21 to 7.06; p = 0.017) were independent predictors of post-PCI CK-MB elevation.

CONCLUSIONS: Atherosclerotic plaques with EA were associated with characteristics considered to be high risk or unstable. OCT examination showed an additive predictive value to the presence of EA for post-PCI CK-MB elevation. 

PMID: 21596319

Posted in Invasive Imaging and tagged , , , , , , .

One Comment

  1. See also:

    The Relationship Between Attenuated Plaque Identified by Intravascular Ultrasound and No-Reflow After Stenting in Acute Myocardial Infarction The HORIZONS-AMI (Harmonizing Outcomes With Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction) Trial.
    Wu X, Mintz GS, Xu K, Lansky AJ, Witzenbichler B, Guagliumi G, Brodie B, Kellett MA Jr, Dressler O, Parise H, Mehran R, Stone GW, Maehara A.
    JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2011 May;4(5):495-502.

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