Clinical Implications of Microvascular Obstruction and Intramyocardial Haemorrhage in Acute Myocardial Infarction Using Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical implications of microvascular obstruction (MVO) and intramyocardial haemorrhage (IMH) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

METHODS: Ninety patients with a first AMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were studied. T2-weighted, cine and late gadolinium-enhanced cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging was performed at 5 ± 2 and 103 ± 11 days. Patients were categorised into three groups based on the presence or absence of MVO and IMH.

RESULTS: MVO was observed in 54% and IMH in 43% of patients, and correlated significantly (r = 0.8, p < 0.001). Pre-PCI thrombolysis in myocardial infarction 3 flow was only observed in MVO(-)/IMH(-) patients. Infarct size and impairment of systolic function were largest in MVO(+)/IMH(+) patients (n = 39, 23 ± 9% and 47 ± 7%), smallest in MVO(-)/IMH(-) patients (n = 41, 8 ± 8% and 55 ± 8%) and intermediate in MVO(+)/IMH(-) patients (n = 10, 16 ± 7% and 51 ± 6%, p < 0.001). LVEF increased in all three subgroups at follow-up, but remained intermediate in MVO(+)/IMH(-) and was lowest in MVO(+)/IMH(+) patients. Using random intercept model analysis, only infarct size was an independent predictor for adverse LV remodelling.

CONCLUSIONS: Intramyocardial haemorrhage and microvascular obstruction are strongly related. Pre-PCI TIMI 3 flow is less frequently observed in patients with MVO and IMH. Only infarct size was an independent predictor of LV remodelling. 

PMID: 20577881

Posted in Magnetic Resonance Imaging and tagged , , , , .

One Comment

  1. Most studies have shown some relation between MVO and LV remodeling. Not this one. However, the methodology and results are, in my opinion, sound.

    The authors make additional interesting comments/observations about their subgroup of patients with MVO but no IMH.

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