Comparison of Low-Dose Higher-Relaxivity and Standard-Dose Lower-Relaxivity Contrast Media for Delayed-Enhancement MRI: A Blinded Randomized Crossover Study

OBJECTIVES: The gadolinium-based MRI contrast agent gadobenate dimeglumine has nearly twice the MR relaxivity of gadopentetate dimeglumine at 1.5 T. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a lower dose (0.1 mmol/kg) of gadobenate dimeglumine can be used to obtain delayed-enhancement MR images comparable to those obtained with a standard dose (0.2 mmol/kg) of gadopentetate dimeglumine.

 
METHODS: In this blinded randomized crossover study, 20 patients with known myocardial infarction underwent two separate delayed-enhancement MRI examinations after receiving 0.1 mmol/kg gadobenate dimeglumine and 0.2 mmol/kg gadopentetate dimeglumine (random administration). The conspicuity of lesion enhancement 5, 10, and 20 minutes after contrast administration was quantified as relative enhancement ratio (RER).

RESULTS: With either gadolinium-based contrast agent, damaged myocardium had higher signal intensity than normal remote myocardium (RER > 4) on delayed-enhancement MR images, and the blood RER declined over time after contrast administration. The blood RER was not significantly higher for gadobenate dimeglumine than for gadopentetate dimeglumine at 5 and 10 minutes. Nevertheless, there was a larger reduction in blood RER for gadobenate dimeglumine than for gadopentetate dimeglumine between 5 and 10 minutes and between 10 and 20 minutes. The volumes of enhancement were similar for gadobenate dimeglumine (13.6 ± 8.8 cm(3)) and gadopentetate dimeglumine (13.5 ± 8.9 cm(3)) (p = 0.98). The mean difference in Bland-Altman analysis for delayed-enhancement volume between the agents was 0.1 cm(3).

CONCLUSIONS: Qualitatively and quantitatively, delayed-enhancement MR images of ischemic myocardium obtained with 0.1 mmol/kg gadobenate dimeglumine are comparable to those obtained with 0.2 mmol/kg gadopentetate dimeglumine 5, 10, and 20 minutes after contrast administration. Malcolm Butler Womens Jersey

PMID: 26295638

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