OBJECTIVES: Non-contrast T1-weighted imaging (T1WI) has emerged as a novel non-invasive imaging for vulnerable coronary plaque showing a high-intensity plaque (HIP). However, the association between HIP and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been evaluated. We investigated the association between the presence of HIP and the incidence of myocardial injury after PCI.
METHODS: A total of 77 patients with stable angina were imaged with non-contrast T1WI by using a 1.5 T magnetic resonance system (HIP and non-HIP group, N = 31 and 46 patients, respectively). We defined HIP as a coronary plaque to myocardium signal intensity ratio (PMR) of â‰¥1.4. High-sensitive cardiac troponin-T (hs-cTnT) was measured at baseline and 24 h after PCI. Percutaneous coronary intervention-related myocardial injury (PMI) was defined as an elevation of hs-cTnT >5Ã— 99th percentile upper reference limit. High-intensity plaque was associated with the characteristics of ultrasound attenuation and positive remodeling on intravascular ultrasound.
RESULTS: Although baseline hs-cTnT was similar between the groups, increase in hs-cTnT was significantly greater in the HIP vs. non-HIP group (0.065 [0.023-0.304] vs. 0.017 [0.005-0.026], P < 0.001). Percutaneous coronary intervention-related myocardial injury occurred more frequently in the HIP than non-HIP group (58.1 vs. 10.9%, P < 0.001), and the cut-off value of PMR found to be 1.44 for predicting PMI (sensitivity 78.3% and specificity 81.5%). In multivariate analysis, a PMR of â‰¥1.4 was a significant predictor of PMI (odds ratio 5.63, 95% confidence interval 1.28-24.7, P = 0.022).
CONCLUSIONS: High-intensity plaque on non-contrast T1WI was characterized as vulnerable coronary plaque on IVUS and was associated with higher incidence of PMI.