OBJECTIVES: This study sought to present a novel computer model for fast computation of myocardial fractional flow reserve (FFR) and to evaluate it in patients with intermediate coronary stenosis. FFR is an indispensable tool to identify individual coronary stenoses causing ischemia. Calculation of FFR from x-ray angiographic data may increase the utility of FFR assessment.
METHODS: Consecutive patients with intermediate coronary stenoses undergoing pressure wire-based FFR measurements were analyzed by a core laboratory. Three-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) was performed and the mean volumetric flow rate at hyperemia was calculated using TIMI (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction) frame count combined with 3-dimensional QCA. Computational fluid dynamics was applied subsequently with a novel strategy for the computation of FFR. Diagnostic performance of the computed FFR (FFRQCA) was assessed using wire-based FFR as reference standard.
RESULTS: Computation of FFRQCA was performed on 77 vessels in 68 patients. Average diameter stenosis was 46.6 Â± 7.3%. FFRQCA correlated well with FFR (r = 0.81, p < 0.001), with a mean difference of 0.00 Â± 0.06 (p = 0.541). Applying the FFR cutoff value of â‰¤0.8 to FFRQCA resulted in 18 true positives, 50 true negatives, 4 false positives, and 5 false negatives. The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve was 0.93 for FFRQCA, 0.73 for minimum lumen area, and 0.65 for percent diameter stenosis.
CONCLUSIONS: Computation of FFRQCA is a novel method that allows the assessment of the functional significance of intermediate stenosis. It may emerge as a safe, efficient, and cost-reducing tool for evaluation of coronary stenosis severity during diagnostic angiography.