Long-Term Follow-Up of Patients With First-Time Chest Pain Having 64-Slice Computed Tomography

OBJECTIVES: A paucity of data on outcome of coronary multislice computed tomography (CT) is available. The aim of this study was to assess the long-term follow-up of 64-slice CT in a homogenous patient group.

METHODS: In total 222 patients (136 men, 61%, 59 ± 11 years of age) with chest pain at intermediate risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) and no previous CAD underwent 64-slice CT. Coronary lesions were considered significant or not based on a threshold of 50% luminal narrowing. Plaques were classified as calcified, noncalcified, and mixed based on type. End point during follow-up was major adverse cardiac events (nonfatal myocardial infarction, unstable angina requiring hospitalization, myocardial revascularization).

RESULTS: Coronary plaques were detected in 162 patients (73%). Coronary artery stenosis was significant in 62 patients. Normal arteries were found in 59 patients (27%). During a mean follow-up of 5 ± 0.5 years, 30 cardiac events occurred. Annualized event rates were 0% in patients with normal coronary arteries, 1.2% in patients with nonsignificant stenosis, and 4.2% in patients with significant stenosis (p <0.01). Predictors of cardiac events were presence of significant stenosis, proximal stenosis, and multivessel disease. Noncalcified and mixed plaques had the worse prognosis (p <0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, 64-CT provides long-term incremental value in patients at intermediate risk of CAD. 

PMID: 21184991

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