OBJECTIVES: The clinical impact of stent edge dissection, tissue protrusion, and incomplete stent apposition (ISA) after stent implantation, detectable only on optical coherence tomography (OCT), is still unknown because the natural course has not been investigated.
METHODS: All consecutive patients with angina pectoris in whom both intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and OCT were performed immediately after stenting and at follow-up were included in the present study. The natural history of OCT-detected stent edge dissection, tissue protrusion, and ISA during follow-up was investigated.
RESULTS: A total of 36 patients with 39 lesions was analyzed. At baseline, OCT showed 12 stent edge dissections, 25 tissue protrusions, and 8 ISAs, whereas IVUS demonstrated 6 stent edge dissections, 5 tissue protrusions, and 3 ISAs. All IVUS findings were clearly visualized on OCT. The maximum length of dissection flap and depth of ISA visualized on OCT were significantly shorter than those visualized on IVUS. Maximum length of tissue protrusion tended to be smaller on OCT than on IVUS. At follow-up (median 188 days), all findings noted on OCT were healed or resolved without any restenosis or thrombus formation.
CONCLUSIONS: Acute findings after stenting, such as edge dissection, tissue protrusion, and ISA, detectable only on OCT, tended to be smaller than those seen on both OCT and IVUS. The majority of OCT-detected acute findings resolved completely at follow-up.