OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of myocardial viability assessment by delayed-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (DE-CMR) and of revascularization therapy on survival in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and low ejection fraction (EF). Prior studies have shown that DE-CMR predicts recovery of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction after revascularization.
METHODS: The authors prospectively evaluated survival of 144 consecutive patients (130 males, age 65 Â± 11 years) with CAD and LV dysfunction (EF: 24 Â± 7%) undergoing DE-CMR. Eighty-six patients underwent complete revascularization of dysfunctional myocardium (79 coronary artery bypass grafting, 7 percutaneous coronary intervention), whereas 58 patients remained under medical treatment.
RESULTS: Over the 3-year median follow-up, 49 patients died. Three-year survival was significantly worse in medically treated patients with dysfunctional viable than with nonviable myocardium (48% vs. 77% survival, p = 0.02). By contrast, in revascularized patients, survival was similar whether myocardium was viable or not (88% and 71% survival, respectively, p = NS). Hazard of death of viable myocardium remaining under medical treatment versus complete revascularization was 4.56 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.93 to 10.8). Cox multivariate analysis indicated that interaction of revascularization and viability provided significant additional value (chi-square test = 13.1, p = 0.004) to baseline predictors of survival (New York Heart Association functional class, wall motion score, and peripheral artery disease). More importantly, in 43 pairs of propensity scoreâ€“matched patients, hazard of death (hazard ratio: 2.5 [95% CI: 1.1 to 6.1], p = 0.02) remained significantly higher for medically treated patients rather than for those with fully revascularized viable myocardium.
CONCLUSIONS: Without revascularization, presence of dysfunctional viable myocardium by DE-CMR is an independent predictor of mortality in patients with ischemic LV dysfunction. This observation may be useful for pre-operative selection of patients for revascularization. Jabrill Peppers Womens Jersey