Prognostic Value of Myocardial Viability by Delayed-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease and Low Ejection Fraction: Impact of Revascularization Therapy

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of myocardial viability assessment by delayed-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (DE-CMR) and of revascularization therapy on survival in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and low ejection fraction (EF). Prior studies have shown that DE-CMR predicts recovery of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction after revascularization.

METHODS: The authors prospectively evaluated survival of 144 consecutive patients (130 males, age 65 ± 11 years) with CAD and LV dysfunction (EF: 24 ± 7%) undergoing DE-CMR. Eighty-six patients underwent complete revascularization of dysfunctional myocardium (79 coronary artery bypass grafting, 7 percutaneous coronary intervention), whereas 58 patients remained under medical treatment.

RESULTS: Over the 3-year median follow-up, 49 patients died. Three-year survival was significantly worse in medically treated patients with dysfunctional viable than with nonviable myocardium (48% vs. 77% survival, p = 0.02). By contrast, in revascularized patients, survival was similar whether myocardium was viable or not (88% and 71% survival, respectively, p = NS). Hazard of death of viable myocardium remaining under medical treatment versus complete revascularization was 4.56 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.93 to 10.8). Cox multivariate analysis indicated that interaction of revascularization and viability provided significant additional value (chi-square test = 13.1, p = 0.004) to baseline predictors of survival (New York Heart Association functional class, wall motion score, and peripheral artery disease). More importantly, in 43 pairs of propensity score–matched patients, hazard of death (hazard ratio: 2.5 [95% CI: 1.1 to 6.1], p = 0.02) remained significantly higher for medically treated patients rather than for those with fully revascularized viable myocardium.

CONCLUSIONS: Without revascularization, presence of dysfunctional viable myocardium by DE-CMR is an independent predictor of mortality in patients with ischemic LV dysfunction. This observation may be useful for pre-operative selection of patients for revascularization. Jabrill Peppers Womens Jersey

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