OBJECTIVES: A comprehensive evaluation of myocardial ischemia requires measures of both oxygen supply and demand. Positron-emission tomography (PET) is currently the gold standard for such evaluations, but its use is limited due to its ionizing radiation, limited availability, and high cost. A cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method was developed for assessing myocardial oxygenation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and validate this technique compared to PET during pharmacologic stress in a canine model of coronary artery stenosis.
METHODS: Twenty-one beagles and small mongrel dogs without coronary stenosis (controls), or with moderate to severe acute coronary artery stenosis underwent MRI and PET imaging at rest and during dipyridamole vasodilation or dobutamine stress to induce a wide range of changes in cardiac perfusion and oxygenation. MRI first-pass perfusion imaging was performed to quantify myocardial blood flow (MBF) and volume (MBV). The MRI blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) technique was used to determine the myocardial oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) during pharmacologic hyperemia. Myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO2) was determined by Fick’s law.
RESULTS: In the same dogs, (15)O-water and (11)C-acetate were used to measure MBF and MVO(2), respectively by PET. Regional assessments were performed for both MR and PET. MRI data correlated nicely with PET values for MBF (R(2) = 0.79, P < 0.001), MVO(2) (R(2) = 0.74, P < 0.001), and OEF (R(2) = 0.66, P < 0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac MRI methods may provide an alternative to radionuclide imaging in settings of myocardial ischemia. Our newly developed quantitative MRI oxygenation imaging technique may be a valuable non-invasive tool to directly evaluate myocardial energetics and efficiency. Christian Jones Womens Jersey