OBJECTIVES: It is well known that chronic kidney disease is a risk factor for atherosclerosis. The present study was conducted to identify any relation between the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and coronary plaque characteristics using integrated backscatter intravascular ultrasound (IB-IVUS), which can detect coronary plaque composition.
METHODS: We performed IB-IVUS for 201 consecutive patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, and they were divided into 3 groups according to the eGFR values (group 1 [n = 20], â‰¥90 ml/min/1.73 m(2); group 2 [n = 123], 60 to 90 ml/min/1.73 m(2); and group 3 [n = 58], <60 ml/min/1.73 m(2)). Coronary plaques in nonculprit lesions on 3-dimensional analysis were evaluated using IB-IVUS.
RESULTS: The baseline characteristics were similar, except for older age and a greater prevalence of men in group 3. IB-IVUS showed a percentage of lipid volume of 44.7 Â± 5.0% in group 1, 53.6 Â± 6.2% in group 2, and 63.5 Â± 6.2% in group 3 (p <0.01), with a corresponding percentage of fibrous volume of 53.9 Â± 4.9%, 45.1 Â± 6.0%, and 35.3 Â± 6.1%, respectively (p <0.01). The eGFR correlated significantly with both parameters (r = -0.68, p <0.001 and r = 0.68, p <0.001, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, lower eGFR levels were associated with greater lipid and lower fibrous contents, contributing to coronary plaque vulnerability.